“Between saying and doing, many a pair of shoes is worn out.”

—Dame J. Iris Murdoch, 20th Century British novelist

Image from Unsplash by Jayden Brand

In the book, Factfulness, I was introduced to the concept of Level 1, 2, 3 and 4 societies. The primary mode of transportation in a Level One society is walking. In many cases, the people may not even have shoes to wear out in their daily endeavors.

As members of a Level 4 society—given that you are reading this post by email or on social media—you are probably doing far less walking these days.

We may want to look for other signs of wear that demonstrate our propensity to take action.


What are some examples of things that wear out and need repair or replacement due to the significant level of action you take to better your world?

Please reply to this post to share the evidence and examples you discovered.